Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

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Cognitive Disorder

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cognitive disorder

How You Know – Assessing Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

 

 

How You Know – Assessing Adhd

 

                        There is a site on the web dedicated completely to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. There is also a video series on this site available under FAQS (Frequently Asked Questions) which presents a variety of topics all focused on Adhd. The video series is about ADHD only, and was written and narrated by a professional clinician experienced in treating ADHD patients. He appears to be highly knowledgeable on the topic and professional in his delivery.

This is the seventh video in this series and teaches the viewer about the processes used to identify ADHD. This information can be very helpful to someone who suspects that a loved one, a family member or a friend may be suffering from ADHD. How does a person know if the suspected behavior should be analyzed professionally.  This video answers that question. The series itself is presented by MegaTech, Inc. which provides technological treatments for people with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.  MegaTech, Inc. created the Attention Deficit Hyperactivity treatment game, called, “Cups and Balls,” which can be found on this web site free of charge! According to the narrator, Cups and Balls is therapeutically beneficial for a person with ADHD, helping them to increase attention span as well as the ability to focus on the task at hand.

                   The clinician who is the narrator of this video series, which can be found on the web site, http://www.attentiondeficitdisordergame.com/, explained that Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is not diagnosed with an absolute medical procedure. There are no blood tests, x-rays, or hard diagnostic tools to determine the absolute diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.  Brain scan imaging provides information on how the brain operates but, according to the narrator, doesn’t provide diagnostic information  specifically to identify Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. ADHD is what is referred to as a syndrome. As in the other videos in this series, I found it necessary to turn to my old friend Daniel Webster for a definition. I looked up syndrome which was a term used to define ADHD.

 

© 12/2010 MegaTech, Inc.

 

 

 

Webster explained that a syndrome is a group of signs And Symptoms which collectively indicate a disease or disorder. Clinical professionals have a list of behavioral criteria for ADHD with which to identify it.  If the behavior of the person being evaluated fits enough of the criteria andthe ADHD behaviors are intense enough to consistently disrupt the person’s daily life, the individual would then be given the diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

           The clinician further explains that it takes a professional in the field of ADHD to accurately identify ADHD. The professional has been trained to understand when to appropriately make such a diagnosis. These professionals include a pediatrician, a Psychiatrist, or even a Psychologist. Among the tests that professional clinicians use are client interview, as well as direct behavioral observation in schools, at homes, and in community settings. The professional interviews family, teachers, and other persons involved in the life of the client.      Another assessment process used is to study a collection of behavioral patterns.  Behavioral patterns are assembled by timelines for ADHD behaviors.  This data includes school reports of trouble, fantasy, or any behavior that might be dysfunctional in the learning process at school or disruptive in a home environment.  Pattern analysis includes frequency counts, durations and intensity of disruptive behavior in different settings and times . According to this video, the intensity of behavior patterns is a critically important key to identifying ADHD. The intensity of the behavior patterns being evaluated are usually measured on an Intensity Scale.

The narrator in this video series, which is found at http://www.attentiondeficitdisordergame.com/, explained that there are many different psychological instruments used to assess Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. The most common one, and often used is The Conner’s Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Scale.  The Conner’s has a Family Report Form and a Teacher Report Form.  These forms use the ADHD Behavioral Criteria and places each of these behaviors on an intensity measure of degree.  The Conner’s and other similar scales measure the amount or degree of ADHD behavior patterns exhibited. Other scales distinguish ADHD from other similar conditions, such as Asperger Syndrome or a cognitive disorder. 

The clinician then cautions viewers that they should be careful when selecting a professional in their area to assesses and diagnose their child, family member or loved one.  It’s important to find an experienced clinician who works with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. However, he further cautions that if the clinician works exclusively with ADHD, he may tend to see all behavioral patterns as ADHD when behavioral characteristics may be attributed or associated with something different or other difficult behaviors. Clinicians who work exclusively with ADHD sometimes are less objective and tend to see only behaviors looking through the lens of their ADHD predisposition. He explains that there are behavioral Disorders which share similar characteristics with ADHD and emphasizes that it is critically important to make an accurate diagnosis. A misdiagnosis is counterproductive to reducing the behavioral symptoms of ADHD. On the other hand, since ADHD is not an exact science, the clinician must be patient while spending the time to get to know the client and the behavioral patterns that are displayed. There is quite a bit of trial and error associated with attempting to make a diagnosis as well as finding the most fitting treatment plan and success for each individual person.  This concluded the seventh video which was on the Assessment Process, and can be found under FAQS at the web site, http://www.attentiondeficitdisordergame.com/ . This web site contained helpful information about   Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder for anyoneconcerned about this Behavioral Disorder.

 

 

 

About the Author

Gaillyn Hope is a former elementary public school teacher.  She is now a web writer, as well as a writer and teller of children’s stories. Her interest in ADHD was sparked by her connection to education

Cognitive Behavior Therapy Workshop Level II: Personality Disorders and Challenging Problems

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Nervous System Disorder

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nervous system disorder

Common Childhood Diseases And Disorders That You Should Know

Diseases and Disorders are common to every living being. We all get ill and suffer from several health problems throughout our life. But when these conditions occur in childhood extra care is required. In this article you will find some common childhood illnesses and disorders like chest infections, cough, asthma and influenza. Chest infections, such as bronchitis and pneumonia, usually follow a common cold or sore throat. Coughing and wheezing may occur, and some children develop asthma. Children can also get influenza.

In asthma, there is a difficulty in breathing caused by narrowing of the air passage to the lungs. It is common in childhood. It may be triggered off by bronchitis or be caused by an allergy to pollen or dust. In some children, Emotional Stress plays a part. Skin conditions, such as eczema in children, may be due to irritation from a detergent or an allergic reaction to a food or a particular fabric.

Abdominal pains are also commonly seen in childhood. Sudden pain in a child’s abdomen is nearly always caused by Overeating food that is too rich, or eating when excited. But if the pain lasts for more than an hour, if it is accompanied by vomiting, or if the child also passes blood-stained urine of faeces, a doctor should be consulted. Possible causes are appendicitis and a rare blockage of intestines.

Most Infectious Diseases are caused by a micro-organism that is bacterium or a virus. The infection can be air-borne or spread via food and water. Many serious Infectious Diseases, like smallpox have been virtually eliminated in developed countries by immunization. The symptoms of many childhood infectious diseases are similar – a rash on the body, a fever, general malaise and common cold. A rash on the body accompanied by fever needs to be seen by doctor.

The dangers of such illnesses could be dehydration due to vomiting and refusal to eat drink, difficulty in breathing due to vomiting, refusal to eat and drink, difficulty in breathing due to clogged airways, or febrile convulsion. These diseases, if untreated, can lead to complications. Cold and coughs are very common in childhood. Children develop immunity to specific viruses, as they grow older. So in the earlier years they are susceptible to infections with cold or flu viruses.

Senses defects are also seen in childhood. Unless senses or Nervous System Disorders are recognized and treated early, a child’s development can be seriously impaired. Among the most common senses defects are poor eyesight, and deafness or partial deafness, which account for many cases of so called backwardness in children. More obvious is a squint, which must receive treatment if the child’s eyesight is not to be permanently damaged.

Growth disorders like difficulty in gaining weight or height is another common disorder seen in children. Retarded growth is generally caused by a disorder of the pituitary gland. A disorder of the same gland causes excessive growth, and both need specialist treatment. Poor nutrition, such as deficiency of essential vitamins, may cause conditions such as deficiency of essential vitamins, may cause conditions such as rickets. Behavioral Disorders, such as bed-wetting, stealing and truancy can often be traced to emotional insecurely or stress.

I hope, this article will help you find information on common childhood Diseases And Disorders. Proper knowledge help prevent complicated conditions from arrival.

Disclaimer: This article is not meant to provide health advice and is for general information only. Always seek the insights of a qualified health professional before embarking on any health program.

Copyright © Ryan Mutt, All Rights Reserved. If you want to use this article on your website or in your ezine, make all the urls (links) active.

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Common Childhood Diseases And Disorders that You Should Know

About the Author

Common Childhood Diseases and Disorders that You Should Know

Vascular Disorders of the Central Nervous System

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Seizure Disorder

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seizure disorder

Seizure Disorders

When people think of seizures, they picture the most severe cases called tonic-clonic, or grand mal seizures. While definitely the most dramatic type of seizure that usually involves a loss of consciousness and severe flailing of the extremities, it is not the only type of seizure there is. Seizure Disorders come in different varieties. While some seizure disorders are passed down through the genetic code, many seizures are secondary to other conditions, some of which are preventable. People suffering from seizure disorders do to a Traumatic accident or medical malpractice may seek compensation for damages from those responsible.

Epilepsy

The most common cause of seizures is known as epilepsy, which is a chronic condition where excessive neural electrical activity, originating in the brain causes physical symptoms. Some symptoms are mild and barely noticeable, often taken for “spacing out”, while others are the server tonic-clonic symptoms. The vast majority of seizure episodes are due to epilepsy, but not all of them.

There are two major classifications:
• Generalized seizures
• Continuous seizures

Generalized seizures are broken down into the following sub-categories:

• Absence seizures are an interruption of consciousness where the person just seems to be unresponsive for up to 30 seconds.
• Myoclonic seizures are very brief muscle contractions involving an extremity.
• Clonic seizures are regularly repeated myclonic seizures, occurring at around 2-3 per second.
• Tonic-clonic seizures a severe initial contraction, the tonic phase, associated with loss of consciousness, incontinence, and absence of breathing, followed by a series of muscle contractions. This is the classic epileptic fit most people associate with the disorder.
• Atonic seizures is simply going limp, losing all muscle tone.

Continuous seizures are the most severe type also referred to as status epilepticus this may be a life threatening condition as there is no relaxation period.

Non-Epileptic Disorders

Seizures that do not originate in the brain due to excessive electrical-neural activities fall under non-epileptic disorders. The seizures themselves may present themselves in the same way, but they are secondary to other conditions. Some of the causes of non-epileptic disorders include:
• High fever
Traumatic brain injury
• Underlying heart condition
• Medications
• Brain tumor

Injury Litigation

In many cases where the seizure disorder is secondary to an injury or illness, someone may be held liable for damages. Seizure disorder may be brought on by a traumatic brain injury brought on by a car accident. In those cases, the driver, or their insurance company may be sued to ensure adequate compensation for the ongoing treatments necessary, lost wages, and other damages because of the accident. Other areas of litigation that can be pursued by someone suffering from a sudden onset of seizure disorder include:
• Medical malpractice
• Work place injury
• Product liability

Families of babies suffering neurological damage due to a birth injury may also be able to sue the hospital and obstetrician responsible in order to obtain compensation for medical expenses and other damages.

About the Author

To find our more about seizure disorder and birth injury in Orlando, please visit the Florida personal injury attorneys at Colling Gilbert Wright & Carter today.

Seizure Disorders

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