Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Archive for the ‘reference’ tag

Mental Health Issues

without comments

mental health issues

How Yoga and Meditation Reduces Depression and Other Mental Health Issues

Yoga is an ancient Indian practice that disciplines the mind and body through a series of poses known as asanas. Each asana is held for a period of time with the aim of strengthening the mind as well as the body, due to the concentration required to hold the pose.

Yoga is also about connecting with yourself by gaining an insight into your inner self. When Depression strikes, it is said that the person has lost the connection to themselves. Devotees of yoga claim that it has amazing inner healing powers and because of this, yogis (those who practice yoga) are able to deal with depression and other Mental Health Problems better than those who do not practice the discipline.

Studies have found that yoga is helpful in cases of depression, Anxiety, stress, Bipolar conditions and other Mental Health Problems. In the UK, yoga is being offered as a form of alternative therapy on the NHS. In New York, yoga is offered as a treatment by psychiatrists to their patients.

Because of the side effects of many mental health drugs, yoga is increasingly being seen as a popular alternative to harsh drugs. For example, yoga is deemed an effective treatment for those suffering from Schizophrenia. Yoga works to calm the body and hence the mind due to the steady and controlled breathing that is required in order to complete the postures.

Fans of yoga have found that they are able to transfer this skill to other areas of their life, particularly when they are feeling anxious because they are able to slow down their breathing and also their heart rate.

Meditation is one of the practices of yoga, and involves using controlled breathing together with inner reflection and focusing on an object or a particular set of thoughts. Meditation that is geared towards helping mental health problems involves dealing with negative thoughts and feelings which can affect a person’s confidence and self-esteem.

Meditation is used by monks as part of their daily ritual to instill calmness and control within the body. They also use meditation as a means to reach within themselves and attain inner peace and harmony, so that they are essentially at one with themselves. This notion of being completely at one with yourself is seen as one of the keys to being truly happy from within.

Meditation is an excellent way to help calm and focus the mind as well as deal with negativity and replace them with positive thoughts and a happier mindset. Research has found meditation to be highly effective in Treating Depression and preventing severe bouts of depression from returning.

One of the many benefits of meditation is that those people who meditate regularly have an exceptional ability to handle stressful situations with a calm and clear mind. Anyone can experience the life enhancing qualities that meditation can bring, simply by playing meditation CDs. These are widely available online and can be used to help a number of conditions from weight loss to depression and treating Anxiety and stress.

Yoga and meditation go hand in hand, and aside from their numerous health benefits, they are a viable alternative to drugs for those people who suffer from depression and other mental health problems.

About the Author

learn everything about brain development and how to keep your mind as sharp as a razor for years to come! See the following blog for regular updates: http://perfectbrain.wordpress.com

Mental Health Measure Workshop

Did you like this? Share it:

Dsm Iv

without comments

dsm iv

Classification of Mental Disorders & Multi-Axial Assessment (DSM IV-TR & ICD 10)

Classification of Mental Disorders &

Multi-Axial Assessment

(DSM IV-TR & ICD 10)

 

Diagnosis involves accumulation, interpretation & categorization of data. The main aim of this is to enable the clinician to use the most effective treatments available for that condition and to allow them to make accurate assessment of prognosis.

The Importance of diagnosis:

  • Allows inter-professional communication
  • Allows us to select appropriate treatments for patients
  • Allows assessment of prognosis
  • Allows scientific research to be preformed

However psychiatric diagnoses have been criticized because:

  • They provide little information about aetiology
  • They can carry pejorative connotation (negative labeling)
  • Patients don’t always fall into neat categories. Some may have some but not all of the characteristic features of one or more different diagnostic categories (hence the terms schizoaffective & Borderline Personality)
  • The uniqueness of an individual patient is lost when labels are applied; one cannot fully convey a patient’s predicament with a single label
  • Historically psychiatric diagnosis has low reliability & Validity (in general psychotic conditions have high reliability and neurotic  conditions low reliability)

Both current diagnosis in psychiatry are categorical and can be monothetic (i.e. all criteria must be present e.g. Hypochodriasis) or Polythetic (some must be present e.g. Borderline Personality Disorders).

The International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) 1992

Mental Disorders are described within chapter V (F) of the ICD 10. There are 10 categories within this chapter & each is further subdivided into further 10.

Categories are denoted by the letter F (for Mental Disorders chapter), followed by a number for the main group (e.g. F3 for Mood Disorders), followed by a further number for the category within the group (e.g. F32 for depressive episode). A fourth character (or third no) is used if it is necessary to subdivide further (e.g. F32.2 for severe depressive episode without psychotic symptoms)

In Schizophrenia, a fifth character is used to specify the course of the disorder (e.g. F20.01 for paranoid Schizophrenia, episodic with progressive deficit).

Different versions of the ICD 10 are available & it is therefore flexible and acceptable to a variety of users for a variety of purposes:

1. Clinical descriptions & diagnostic guidelines: for general clinical, educational & service use.

2. Diagnostic criteria for research

3. Primary care version.

4. Multiaxial version.

Main categories in ICD-10

F0  Organic, including symptomatic, mental disorders (e.g. dementia)

F1 Mental & Behavioral Disorders due to psychoactive substance use

F2 Schizophrenia, schizotypal & delusional disorders

F3 Mood (affective) disorder

F4 Neurotic, stress related & Somatoform Disorders (Anxiety disorders, Ocd)

F5 Behavioral syndromes associated with physiological disturbance & physical factors (e.g. Eating Disorders, sexual dysfunction)

F6 Disorders of adult personality & behavior (Personality Disorders and gender identity sexual preference.

F7 Mental Retardation

F8 Disorders of psychological development (language and Speech Disorders)

F9 Behavioral & Emotional Disorders with onset usually occurring in childhood or adolescence (e.g. Conduct Disorders and hyperactivity)

Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder (DSM) IV-TR (revised):

Published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA), it is a multi-axial classification. An assessment on several axes, each of which refers to a different domain of information that may help the clinician plan treatment & predict outcome:

  • Provide more information about the patient than does a single category
  • Facilitate comprehensive & systemic evaluation
  • Provide a format for organizing & communicating clinical information & for reflecting the complexity of clinical situations
  • Promotes the application of the biopsychosocial model

However, multiaxial system increase the time involved in making the diagnosis, are therefore not easy to apply in everyday clinical practice. Axes IV & V offer rather crude measurement of dubious reliability & validity.

Axis I  Clinical Disorders (may be >1)

Axis II  Personality Disorder, Mental Retardation

Axis III  General Medical Condition (potentially relevant to the Mental Disorder)

Axis IV  Psychosocial & Environmental Problems (which may affect the diagnosis, treatment or prognosis of the mental disorder)

Axis V  Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF): Psychological, social & occupational functioning on a hypothetical continuum of mental health-illness, on a scale 0-100.

State whether GAF is for the current period, at discharge or admission. Exclude impairment due to physical or environmental limitations.

  

References:

1. Stevens L, Rodin I, Psychiatry: An illustrated colour text, Churchill Livingstone 2001

2. Steple D. Oxford Handbook of Psychiatry, Oxford University Press, 2006

3. World Health Organisation (WHO): ICD10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders (1992)

4. American Psychiatric Association. The Diagnostic and statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).1994

  

 

About the Author

 

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)

Did you like this? Share it:

Written by Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

September 13th, 2011 at 4:00 am

Mental Health Center

without comments

mental health center

10 Tips for Choosing the Right Mental Health Facility for You

Looking for the perfect mental health facility, read below as we share some quick tips.

As the world is gaining speed and moving faster than ever, many more people are experiencing a more complicated lifestyle. That’s one reason why Mental Health Illnesses is a growing problem in today’s society. It affects a large number of the population. And as the world gets more advanced many others are feeling the affects.

If you’re feeling hopeless, depressed, or going through a personal crisis and need help but, you have no idea where to turn; these 10 tips may assist you to find the perfect mental health facility for you:

1. Cost

The cost of treatment is the main reason why patients fail in receiving treatment. Because of the high cost of rehabilitation services, many suffering from Mental Health Issues go un-treated. Finding a government subsidized program without downgrading services, maybe an option.

2. Holistic approach
For proper treatment a more holistic approach is deem necessary. Since substance abuse recovery isn’t one dimensional, your treatment couldn’t be either.

3. Location

Finding a great location can be a challenge. Although sometimes patients are embarrassed and want to be far away from friends and family members. However, being too far from home can become a bigger burden to your family. So when picking the best treatment facility, choose the one that you will not mind traveling to at the drop of a dime.

4.The Staff
This is an important step. Deciding on where you may be living for the next 30-90 days or more. You will want to spend some time talking with the staff members to make sure it’s a good fit for you.

5. Management
Yes. Management plays a major role is the way businesses operate. So regardless to how well-kept the facility is, if the management team isn’t more concern about its clients… you may want to keep looking.

6. Find the Best Counselor

Since counseling is a huge part of recovery, you will want to take some time in your decision making process. You can look in the local directory for advertisements or ask other friends or family members for referrals. Without doubt, referrals are always better, because you can always trust a friend or former patient.

7. Appearance of the Facility

Unfortunately, some times long term care is needed. To ensure a pleasant stay, be sure that the mental health center has a ‘like home’ feel. The facility should be clean, neat and organized with plenty of recreational activities, to keep their clients busy.

8. State Certified
Don’t overlook this area. You will hate to get started in treatment and for some reason or another, you have to move to another facility.

9.Know what to expect

While during your recovery you will be assigned a team of counselors. Your counselors will put together a treatment plan based on your info and their professional advice. Know exactly what steps they plan to take.

10. Mission Statement
This may sound silly or unimportant, but the company’s mission statement tells the whole company’s story in a nutshell.

 

About the Author

A substance abuse counselor is your partner in helping free you or a loved one from their substance dependency. It’s never too late to live a happy and mentally healthy life. Make a decision. Contact CSNC @ 252-523-2600 Today!

North River Mental Health Center: Waves of Promise – Part I

Did you like this? Share it:
  • About Us
  • Disclosure/Disclaimer
  • Privacy Policy
  • Terms of Use
  • Contact Us
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • 2013
  • 2012
  • 2011
  • Copy Protected by Chetan's WP-Copyprotect.